The Serra d’Irta Natural Park, next to the Marine Reserve d’Irta is a protected area of 12,000 hectares, located north of Alcossebre.
Its flora is that of a semi-arid zone with a Mediterranean climate. The pine trees live in dialogue with palm hearts, rosemary and fenoll. The white limestone rock substrate makes the coastline spectacular, with cliffs that alternate with small coves.
The Park is located north of the Valencian Community, between the towns of Peñíscola, Santa Magdalena de Pulpis, Alcalà de Xivert and Alcossebre.
It represents one of the last coastal mountains that remain unbuilt on the Mediterranean coast and is one of the most beautiful landscapes of the Valencian coast.
Its maximum height is 572 m at Campanilles peak, and its steep slopes descend gently towards the sea, where along 12 km of coastline, practically unaltered, there are numerous cliffs and coves.
At its base, continuously eroded by the force of water, caves, cavities and cliffs are formed that constitute the habitat of different seabirds (seagulls and cormorants) that their innkeepers have here
The Serra d’Irta has a rich historical heritage, including Arab buildings such as the Xivert and Polpis castles, and the watchtowers of Badum and Ebrí; which show the ancient human occupation and the military character of it.
The castles, built in the X-XI century, went through various restorations at the hands of Almoravids, and Christian orders such as the Order of the Temple and that of Montesa.
The Columbretes are an archipelago that is divided into four islands: La Grossa, Ferrera, La Foradada and Carallot. Its remoteness to the mainland and being subjected to the harshness of the marine environment have shaped a flora and fauna rich in endemisms.
The richness of its seabed is a point of attraction for diving enthusiasts. The Islands are Natural Park and Marine Reserve, which has guaranteed an important level of protection that has not enjoyed throughout its history. Currently, Illa Grossa can only be accessed if authorization is obtained.
The volcanic origin, the isolation in which the different species of animals and vegetables live, the small size and the harsh environmental conditions make the islands a unique and especially fragile ecosystem. The bottom and the waters are characterized by the extraordinary beauty, richness and degree of conservation.